Leading diversified professional services and investment management company Colliers (NASDAQ and TSX: CIGI) has issued a new report examining the surge of investment into life sciences and its implications for the property sector across Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), identifying landlord and investor opportunity across established and growth markets as the sector is primed to grow significantly.
Corporate interest in life sciences has been strong for the past decade, with $81.5b invested across EMEA since 2010 and job creation consistently above 5% year-on-year. However, 2020 was exceptional, with the EMEA region seeing corporate investment growth of 72% as companies on the front line of the global response to the pandemic ramped up their business activity. This points to the need for property owners and developers to consider the readiness of their assets to support the aspirations of fast-growing life science companies within commercial real estate; and for investors to pay close attention to emerging life science clusters.
Most new investment into the sector since 2010 has gone into the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and medical devices, accounting for 59% of capital investment ($33.6bn) ahead of R&D at 11.4% ($15.5bn). Existing life science clusters have dominated corporate investment over the same period, accounting for 67% of activity across Europe, with the Republic of Ireland’s benign tax environment within the EU and multi-billion-euro support for the sector making it a magnet for corporate funds. Other well-established hubs benefitting from this substantial corporate investment include the UK’s “Golden Triangle”, Zurich in Switzerland, Germany’s Bio-Valley, Flanders in Belgium and Medicon Valley in Copenhagen. However, new clusters are catching up. Spain, Italy, Russia, Poland and Hungary now feature among the top 20 destination countries, having each surpassed $1bn of corporate investment in the last 10 years.
“The life sciences sector is clearly focused around key clusters of expertise and talent, but new locations are expanding, driven by the need of corporates to optimise their footprint and tap into growth markets as the sector expands significantly in relation to traditional industries. The decision by the G7 economies to fix corporate tax at 15% is another factor that is going to re-draw the corporate map, eroding the advantage of some countries and increasing that of others,” said Damian Harrington, Colliers’ Head of Global Capital Markets Research and EMEA Head of Research. “Ireland, for example, has seen the largest chunk of corporate investment, yet the investment/jobs created ratio is over four times that of the next biggest cluster, the UK’s Golden Triangle. It is some 28 times the cluster average. We would expect future corporate investment to correspond more closely to the underlying size of each market and its quality and depth of talent pool. This will drive demand for life science real estate assets and opportunities in established and emerging clusters.”
Last year’s rush of investment has not yet translated into an expanded life science footprint in Europe, with employment rising by only 5% over the course of 2020. This mismatch between financial and physical expansion reflects, among other things, a limited supply of the necessary specialised, multi-functional buildings.
“Life science occupiers typically require highly specialist and customised facilities,” notes Andrew Hallissey, Colliers’ Executive Managing Director, EMEA Occupier Services. “The development community needs to ensure they are at the cutting edge of building innovation and deliver smart and sustainable product for this rapidly growing sector. Location will continue to be key given the clustering characteristics of the sector but given the industry’s robust growth prospects, those laying the ground for the sector are likely to find no shortage of occupier demand.”
In time, supply will catch up with demand, especially as larger investment managers expand into life sciences real estate assets and development. Colliers expects investment volumes to rise from the 1% annual average of the last cycle to closer to 5% in this new expanding investment cycle.
Findings explored in the report for specific markets and regions include the UK, Middle East & North Africa, Spain and Italy.
The UK remains one of Europe’s biggest draws for life science investment, ranking third behind Ireland and Zurich - although withdrawal from the EU has ongoing implications for patterns of investment, given unanswered questions about its impact on mutual recognition of clinical trials, product safety and other aspects of regulation. L&G / Bruntwood are among the key players in the life science space, having formed a joint venture (JV) to invest and seeding the initial portfolio with properties worth £360m, comprising 1.3m sq ft across seven assets. The JV’s growth target is to reach 6.2m sq ft over the next 10 years. BioCity Group and Oxford Properties are also making major investments.
Middle East & North Africa: Turkey, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Egypt represent 7% of the total corporate investment into the life sciences sector in EMEA. Egypt and the UAE combined comprise $4b, which has created ca. 15,000 jobs. The UAE’s growing presence benefits from the recently established Life Science UK-Arab Partnership. Led by Abu Dhabi’s Mubadala Investment Company, the partnership has committed to invest £800m, alongside £200m from the UK, to help boost the next generation of British life science companies in the UAE, deepening existing UK-UAE trade and investment ties that were worth £32 billion in total in 2019.
Spain now accounts for 4% of regional investment into life sciences, focused on Madrid and Barcelona. There are over 425 companies employing 40,000+ people, 60% of which are non-domestic. Companies are attracted to the Spanish pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry by its innovation in healthcare technology and the size of the market, which still boasts much untapped potential.
Italy is responsible for 3% of EMEA’s total investment, driven by a rich life sciences ecosystem which supports growth, innovation, and exports. Six science parks form the backbone of this ecosystem, comprising 12 centres of excellence and 16 national centres dedicated to life sciences R&D, located in major cities such as Rome, Milan, Turin, Genoa and Naples.
Download the “Life Sciences Under the Microscope” report here.