Fire safety in buildings is one of the most essential and crucial aspects, which, if not in line with the standards, pose danger to the lives of the people in the building.
The Technical Due Diligence team at Colliers provides assistance to clients by conducting a detailed technical analysis assessing various risks related to approvals, construction, operation, etc. and providing solutions to reduce or mitigate the risk to industrial, commercial, retail as well as residential projects.
Fire safety in buildings is one of the most essential and crucial aspects, which, if not in line with the standards, pose danger to the lives of the people in the building. Thus, provision of adequate fire safety as per guidelines is a major priority for investors or occupiers of any building.
Some of the essential norms that need to be adhered to based on the National Building Code (NBC) 2016 are mentioned below:
• Sufficient number and capacity of fire exit staircases for the occupancy considered, provision of the minimum staircase width, riser heights and clear heights for the fire exit staircases, unobstructed means of egress to the fire exit, and fire-rated walls and doors must be put in place.
• Provision of fire detectors and alarm systems along with sprinklers in the floors and the basements must be made. Also, distance between them and distance from the sprinkler to the façade are to be checked.
• The shafts and gaps between the floor-slabs and façade need be fire-sealed. Provision of fire dampers in fresh air ducts/passages, firefighting installations, fire suppression systems, etc. must be made.
• Refuge areas, signages for the emergency exit route and fire exit driveway for the building should be mandatory.
• The Fire Command Centre (FCC) needs to have direct access, fire rated walls, emergency lighting and fire-rated doors. Lift lobby and all service rooms should have fire-rated doors.
• Provision for Air Handling Units at each floor, preferable one for each compartment to avoid the spread of fire and smoke through the air conditioning ducts should be made.
As a part of the Technical Due Diligence assessment provided by the team at Colliers, code compliance of fire safety norms as mentioned above and assessment of potential future fire safety risks in a building are major aspects we analyse and assess. Accordingly, we recommend the necessary steps which can be implemented to reduce or mitigate the risk, considering whether the project under diligence is in the design phase, construction phase or post-construction phase.
As an associate in the Technical Due Diligence department, I have worked on providing due diligence for commercial and industrial buildings. Based on the detailed analysis and assessment, inadequacies related to fire safety of the buildings are identified, and upgradation of the buildings are suggested to ensure adequate fire safety provisions as per set standards. Our findings and recommendations are then presented to the client in a detailed report.