Galveston is a coastal city comprised of Galveston Island and Pelican Island in the U.S. state of Texas. The community encompasses 208.3 square miles, and has a population of 51,111 people. It is the county seat and second-largest municipality of Galveston County, and is located within the Houston–Baytown–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area (MSA).
Named after Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez (born in Málaga, Spain), Galveston's first European settlements on the island were constructed around 1816 by French pirate Louis-Michel Aury to help the fledgling Republic of Mexico fight Spain. The Port of Galveston was established in 1825 by the Congress of Mexico following its successful independence from Spain. The city served as the main port for the Texas Navy during the Texas Revolution, and later served as the capital of the Republic of Texas.
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