In August 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs – Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen – from New York, purchased 6,642 acres of land along Buffalo Bayou with the intent of founding a city. The Allen brothers decided to name the city after Sam Houston, the popular general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected President of Texas in September 1836.
Houston was granted incorporation on June 5, 1837, with James S. Holman becoming its first mayor. In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County) and the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce in part to promote shipping and waterborne business at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou.
In 1900, after Galveston was struck by a devastating hurricane, efforts to make Houston into a viable deep-water port were accelerated. The following year, oil was discovered at the Spindletop oil field near Beaumont promoted the development of the Texas petroleum industry. In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt approved $1 million improvement project for the Houston Ship Channel. By 1910 the city’s population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before.
After World War II, Houston’s economy reverted to being primarily port-driven. In 1948, several unincorporated areas were annexed into the city limits, which more than doubled the city’s size, and Houston proper began to spread across the region.
- The population of Houston, TX is 2,336,758
- The top three races in Houston, TX (by population) are: White (49.3%), and Black or African American (24.0%), and Asian (7.0%)
- The age distribution of Houston, TX is 62.0% ages 20-64 years, 27.5% ages 19 years or younger and 10.5% ages 65 years or greater
- The median age for females is 33.2 years old
- The median age for males is 31.8 years old
- 37.3% of Houston, TX residents are married and 62.7% are single
- 21.9% of residents have graduated high school and 30.6% have a college degree
- The projected annual population growth for Houston, TX between 2015 and 2020 is 2.0%
- The estimated per capita income for Houston, TX is $28,074
- The average time spent traveling to work in Houston, TX is: 15-29 minutes (38.3%), 30-59 minutes (31.2%) and 14 minutes or less (20.7%)
- The total number of businesses in Houston, TX is 111,182
- The unemployment rate for Houston, TX is 3.5%
- The top three professions in Houston in 2010 were: Sales/Office (23.3%), Professional/Related (19.6%), and Service (19.4%)
- 58.3% of Houston, TX residents are married couples with children
- The average family household size is 3.3
- 43.9% of Houston, TX residents own their home while 56.1% of residents rent
- The median household income in Houston, TX is $46,800
- The owner-occupied median home value in Houston, TX is $128,300
- The renter-occupied median rent in Houston, TX is $654
Data provided by REgis Online. Click here for the full report.