Investment market

The total value of transactions in 2015 amounted to EUR 4.1 billion across almost 70 deals, the highest volume since 2006. For comparison, the value of closed transactions in 2014 amounted to EUR 3.18 billion.

Demand was equally strong across all asset classes in additional to an impressive appetite for corporate deals. Pricing for core assets, particularly in the office and logistics asset classes, continues to be primarily driven by the residual lease term. However, we note that the liquidity for core+ and value-add properties is now also growing.

Poland remains the leading market in the CEE region, which was further characterised in 2015 by ever-growing liquidity and upward pressure on pricing.

Land market

There was a high demand for land sites last year. Low interest rates and a continuation of the government financial support program called “Mieszkanie dla Młodych - MdM” (apartments for youth) had a major impact on the purchase of new plots. The volume of transactions reached its highest value since 2006 and stood at more than PLN 2.0 billion.

Warsaw accounted for about 70% of the land purchased. Taking into account the division of sectors, the residential market was dominant (70% of funds). The share of plots for industrial development amounted to 20%, while the office and retail sectors stood at 10%.

The upward trend in the land investment market in Poland will continue. It can be assumed that in 2016 the transaction volume will reach another record value.

Office market

At the end of 2015, the total amout of office space in the nine major Polish markets reached 7.5 million m2. During the year, developers completed over 587,400 m2 of office space, slightly less than in 2014. Almost half of the new supply was delivered in Warsaw (277,600 m2), while in the regional cities most of the new supply was delivered in Wrocław (78,000 m2) and Tricity (67,000 m2).

2015 was a record year in terms of the amount of leased space. Gross demand registered from the first to the fourth quarter exceeded the previous year by 35% and reached 1.38 million m2. The vacancy rate in Poland recorded a slight decline to the level of 11.6% (as compared to 12.4% at the end of 2014). > Base and effective rents were at a stable level. Rental rates for office space in Warsaw ranged from EUR 12.5 to EUR 23 m2/per month, while in major regional markets they ranged from EUR 10 to EUR 16.5/m2 per month.

Currently, 1.5 million m2 of modern office space is under construction, half of which is located in Warsaw. Downward pressure on base and effective rents will continue in markets with strong construction activity. The overall vacancy rate for major office markets will demonstrate an upward trend.

Industrial market

In 2015, industrial market development was high, but in comparison to the previous year developers’ activity decreased slightly. 983,000 m2 of modern industrial space was delivered to the Polish market (compared with 1.12 million m2 in 2014). The total supply of modern industrial space exceeded 9.9 million m2.

2015 witnessed record-breaking demand. The volume of transactions was higher by approximately 100,000 m2 than in 2014 and at the end of Q4 2015 reached the level of 2.62 million m2. Additionally, 234,000 m2 were leased within short-term agreements, which are not included in the general statistics.

Despite the low vacancy rate, effective rental rates will remain at a stable level.

Retail market

At the end of 2015, the total stock of modern retail space in Poland reached approx. 10.9 million m2. The retail space density ratio increased in Poland to 283 m2/1,000 inhabitants. Among the eight major Polish agglomerations, the highest level of this ratio was noted in Wrocław (816 m2/1,000 inhabitants), while among regional cities it was highest in Lublin (956 m2/1,000 inhabitants). During the past year, about 623,000 m2 of new retail space was delivered to the market, which is near to the record broken in 2013.

Extensions of existing schemes constituted 25% of new supply.Most projects which were opened in 2015 are medium-sized shopping centres smaller than 20,000 m2 GLA.

It is estimated that in 2016 a decrease in annual supply may be observed. Approximately, 400,000 m2 GLA will be delivered to the market. Vacancy rates will probably remain stable and will not exceed 5% across the eight major Polish retail markets. The stable position of structural vacancy will be observed in secondary projects.

Hotel market

The hospitality market in 2015 maintained its strong upward momentum. According to the Ministry of Sports and Tourism, during the first half of 2015, Poland welcomed 37.7 million foreign visitors, with the number of tourists reaching 7.781 million, a rise of 5% and 4.7% respectively on the same period in 2014.

The hotel supply continues its fast pace of growth. Occupancy is rising steadily with average room rates remaining stable. According to the STR Global’s report on the hotel pipeline, Poland has the fifth-largest hotel development pipeline in Europe, comprising branded hotels planned and under construction.

All indications point to the current hotel property cycle continuing at peak volumes. We expect a further increase in tourist visits, foreign as well as domestic, with the latter accounting for 70% of all hotel guests.